Detection of prions from spiked and free-ranging carnivore feces

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Dublin Core

Title

Detection of prions from spiked and free-ranging carnivore feces

Description

Abstract: Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a highly contagious, fatal neurodegenerative disease caused by infectious prions (PrPCWD) affecting wild and captive cervids. Although experimental feeding studies have demonstrated prions in feces of crows (Corvus brachyrhynchos), coyotes (Canis latrans), and cougars (Puma concolor), the role of scavengers and predators in CWD epidemiology remains poorly understood. Here we applied the real-time quaking-induced conversion (RT-QuIC) assay to detect PrPCWD in feces from cervid consumers, to advance surveillance approaches, which could be used to improve disease research and adaptive management of CWD. We assessed recovery and detection of PrPCWD by experimental spiking of PrPCWD into carnivore feces from 9 species sourced from CWD-free populations or captive facilities. We then applied this technique to detect PrPCWD from feces of predators and scavengers in free-ranging populations. Our results demonstrate that spiked PrPCWD is detectable from feces of free-ranging mammalian and avian carnivores using RT-QuIC. Results show that PrPCWD acquired in natural settings is detectable in feces from free-ranging carnivores, and that PrPCWD rates of detection in carnivore feces reflect relative prevalence estimates observed in the corresponding cervid populations. This study adapts an important diagnostic tool for CWD, allowing investigation of the epidemiology of CWD at the community-level.

Bibliographic Citation

Inzalaco, H. N. t., E. E. Brandell, S. P. Wilson, M. Hunsaker, D. R. Stahler, K. Woelfel, D. P. Walsh, T. Nordeen, D. J. Storm, and S. S. Lichtenberg. 2024. Detection of prions from spiked and free-ranging carnivore feces. Scientific Reports 14:3804. doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-44167-7

Creator

Inzalaco, H. N.
Brandell, Ellen E.
Wilson, S. P.
Hunsaker, M.
Stahler, D. R.
Woelfel, K.

Subject

Diseases
Ecological epidemiology
Ecology
Infectious diseases
Prions

Extent

12 pages

Type

Text

Format

Application/pdf

Rights Holder

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Date Accepted

10/04/2023

Date Issued

02/15/2024

Date Submitted

06/06/2023

Collection

Citation

Inzalaco, H. N. et al., “Detection of prions from spiked and free-ranging carnivore feces,” CPW Digital Collections, accessed May 25, 2024, https://cpw.cvlcollections.org/items/show/459.